5

I have read in Che differenza c'è fra "vestito" e "abito" in italiano? that the difference between "vestito" and "abito" is that the latter is more formal. If I got it right, this applies to the 3 different meanings related to clothes of both words: dress (piece of cloth worn by women), suit (formal piece of cloth worn by men) and clothing in general.

But what about "abbigliamento", "vestiario" and "indumenti" (pieces of cloth)? Is there any difference in meaning between them and "vestiti"? Some examples:

  • negozio di abbigliamento / vestiario / indumenti / vestiti
  • l'industria dell'abbigliamento / vestiario / indumenti / vestiti
  • abbigliamento / vestiario / indumenti / vestiti da uomo
  • abbigliamento invernale / vestiario invernale / indumenti invernali / vestiti invernali
  • abbigliamento / vestiario / indumenti / vestiti da passeggio
  • disegnare abbigliamento / vestiario / indumenti / vestiti
  • 1
    This a tough one indeed! – Federico Bonelli Nov 9 '19 at 19:06
  • For sure "indumento" is used for a piece of cloth that is not immediatly visible (e.g. underwear) – Riccardo De Contardi Nov 10 '19 at 9:59
  • 1
    @RiccardoDeContardi I disagree: indumento is anything that can be worn. – egreg Nov 11 '19 at 10:06
  • @egreg good points on your answer I did not thought about them – Riccardo De Contardi Nov 11 '19 at 17:08
3

It's a good question. The nouns abbigliamento vestito abito indumento behave differently when singular or plural. Don't confuse the noun vestito with the participle from vestire.

You correctly observe that vestito (singular) quite likely is a dress if referred to women, a suit if referred to men. In this meaning, abito is almost a synonym. For instance abito da sera is more frequent than vestito da sera, but both can be used. The sentence

La duchessa indossava un abito nero.

conveys the idea that the duchess was wearing a black (probably one-piece) dress. However, if I want to refer to the famous Audrey Hepburn’s black dress in “Breakfast at Tiffany’s”, I'd use abitino nero.

When plural, vestiti and abiti may refer to several formal clothes for men or women, but they also have a generic meaning:

Sulla spiaggia i ragazzi si tolsero i vestiti e si tuffarono.

In this case, vestiti is just the same as “clothes”. In this sense abiti is still a synonym, but more “written language”. In the singular, but also in the plural, they denote clothing or pieces of clothing that cover the main parts of the body (possibly leaving arms or legs uncovered).

What's indumento? According to the Treccani dictionary it's any piece of clothing. However, nobody would go to “comprare un indumento”, because it's too generic. An example:

Un maglione islandese sarebbe proprio l'indumento adatto per questo freddo.

One cannot use vestito or abito in this sense, because we're referring to a specific piece of clothing that only covers the torso.

The boys above might also have tolto gli indumenti, but I'd not use this form myself.

In the plural indumenti can be a collective noun: indumenti intimi is the underwear, indumenti da lavoro are work clothes.

What about abbigliamento? According to Treccani it is “way of dressing” when abstract, the set of objects and accessories for dressing when concrete. Thus a negozio di abbigliamento is a shop where you go to buy clothes and accessories such as belts. Not shoes, although nowadays you can find shops that sell both clothing and shoes. In informal language one can also say negozio di vestiti, but I think to never have heard an “absolute” negozio di indumenti; negozio di indumenti intimi can instead be heard.

Vestiario is the set of clothes worn or owned by a person, so magazzino di vestiario is, for instance, where a company or organization keeps the clothes to distribute for work (think to the army or a hospital).

While negozio di vestiario is pretty similar to negozio di abbigliamento, the former conveys an idea of lower quality.

| improve this answer | |
  • It is not clear to me what you meant with "in the sing., but also in the plural, they denote clothing or pieces of clothing that cover the main parts of the body (possibly leaving arms or legs uncovered)". I thought that vestito/abito in the singular would always mean "suit" (men) or "dress" (women). A suit (masculine piece of cloth) covers the entire body, not only the "main parts". Also, I thought that vestiti/abiti (in plural) always meant "clothes" in general, ie I should never use them for a T-shirt, a skirt or a pair of shorts (garments which "cover the main parts of the body") – Alan Evangelista Nov 14 '19 at 12:52
  • @AlanEvangelista Vestito doesn't necessarily mean “suit”. In the singular form it can be used as a synonym of indumento, depending on the context. – egreg Nov 14 '19 at 12:59
  • Thanks for making it clear. Could you add an example of it to your answer? For instance, I don't think that "vestito" would be understood as "piece of clothing" in "Ho comprato un nuovo vestito oggi", but rather as "dress" or "suit" (depending on the gender of the speaker). – Alan Evangelista Nov 14 '19 at 13:04
  • 1
    @AlanEvangelista If I say “Pippo aveva un vestito inadatto per l'occasione”, I don't necessarily mean that Pippo was wearing a suit. – egreg Nov 14 '19 at 13:31
  • Thanks! From your answer, I infer that l'industria dell'abbigliamento / vestiti, abbigliamento / vestiti da uomo, abbigliamento / vestiti invernali, abbigliamento / vestiti da passeggio and disegnare abbigliamento / vestiti are the most usual expressions in these contexts? – Alan Evangelista Nov 16 '19 at 18:48

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.