I'm new to Italian, and I'm grappling the concept of gender. For example, the word scimmia (monkey) is feminine, but sure there are male monkeys. What do we do if we want to specify a male monkey?
You would simply refer to them as:
la scimmia femmina
la scimmia maschio
If you are talking/writing about monkeys you would just say, il maschio (the male) e la femmina (the female). See the example below: