Learning German I'd write flashcards with summer on the front and der Sommer on the back. However, learning Italian, the back would say l'estate, with no way to tell whether the word is masculine or feminine. Is there a good way of solving this problem that I haven't thought of?

Of course I could write estate (f), but it adds a step in the thought process and feels unnatural. I could also write la estate but maybe that would even be detrimental to my Italian.

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    Your problem only pertains those words requiring the article with the apotrophe ("l'"), all the rest has its own appropriate article whose gender is clear, as in German. So the comparison is ineffective. To solve for the words you mention, just add the gender in parenthesis. Commented Mar 15, 2016 at 0:12

3 Answers 3


You might add to every flashcard an example of the word in use (which is useful independently of the gender determination) – a proverb, or a poetic line, or a quotation including it, say, perhaps from Wikiquote – taking care, for a noun, that in the sentence an unambiguous article or an adjective is apposed to it.

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    Why the downvote?
    – DaG
    Commented Mar 11, 2016 at 1:06
  • Or also only an adjective + noun combination: la calda estate. Commented Mar 11, 2016 at 7:21
  • @FedericoPoloni l'estate prossima
    – egreg
    Commented Mar 12, 2016 at 16:01

Add the symbols ♂ and ♀ to the flash card? Or you can use different colors like pink and blue but that might became too laborious. I think the brain would automatically pick those up without any extra thinking.


You could use the indefinite article. Un ' estate :) I think it's the best trade-off, considering that you will be able to learn when to use effectively apostrophes (a bad grammar mistake if you want to write correctly).

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