What is the proper form of addressing ecclesiastics (bishops, cardinals, superiors, sisters, et al.) when writing letters in Italian? How should such a letter be concluded?


2 Answers 2


You can find on Treccani's appellativi e epiteti [prontuario] a list of proper forms for most of ecclesiastics and their abbravistions.

For a bishop:

(Sua) Eccellenza (S. Ecc. o Sua Ecc.): vescovo o alto prelato; nella tradizione, prefetti e questori, e così via;

for a cardinal:

(Sua) Eminenza (S.E. o S. Em.), Eminentissimo (Em.mo, E.mo): cardinale, capo religioso;

As pointed out by @DaG, you could use:

Eccellenza reverendissima, or Eminenza reverendissima


In italian the proper form to init is: "Eccellenza, " :)

  • 1
    ...or Eccellenza reverendissima, or Eminenza reverendissima, or..., depending on the ranks, and this is orally. Is in written form the same, @user205137? (And why the smiling emoticon?)
    – DaG
    May 6, 2018 at 22:04
  • What are the abbreviations for these forms of address?
    – Geremia
    May 6, 2018 at 22:16
  • 1
    Welcome to Italian.SE! What we're expecting here is a more detailed and reasoned answer.
    – Charo
    May 7, 2018 at 8:46

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