6

Your translation is correct, and your assumption about "gli" is correct, too. This kind of suffix formed with a pronoun in Italian is called clitico. The whole phrase becomes: "Bisogna sempre" = it is always necessary "spiegare (to explain) + "gli" = a loro (to them) + "le" = le cose (the things) Why "le cose" is repeated as "le" has the same function in ...


6

È un esempio del raddoppiamento sintattico, o fonosintattico, che menzionavo rapidamente qui e che nell'italiano standard si verifica anche nei casi di grafia non unita (cioè, si scrive “vado a casa” ma si pronuncia “vado accasa”) con la differenza appunto che è reso esplicito solo nelle univerbazioni. Si verifica dopo le parole tronche con l'accento ...


5

I think it all depends whether the speaker "hears" the root. For me it is really difficult to see "salire" in "trasalire", for example; on the other side, I jump when someone says "il papa *benediva la folla", since "benedire" for me is "bene dire", and so I say "il papa benediceva la folla".


4

Note that the equivalent of "te lo do" should be "*gli lo do" :-) At the end of the XIX century the form "glie lo do" is attested, for example in Cuore by Edmondo de Amicis - see http://forum.accademiadellacrusca.it/phpBB2/viewtopic.php@p=11486.html The Accademia della Crusca says that the other forms were possibly not created to avoid confusion with the ...


3

The form glie exists only in combination with another pronoun, otherwise gli must be used. Writing glie lo is not frequent, but the form exists as testified by this NGram. I believe that this usage only in combination contributed to the spelling in one word, whereas te lo dico is written divided. Note that these pronoun particles must be written attached to ...


2

In addition to what is explained in @RiccardoDeContardi's answer, notice that, as it's explained by Federica Colombo in her book Grammatica e pratica della lingua italiana per studenti stranieri indirect object pronouns gli and le + direct object pronouns lo, la, li, le and the pronominal particle ne become respectively glielo, gliela, glieli, gliele ...


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