6

I don't understand the meaning of 'ci' when a person say: "Che ci fai qui?". It seems redundant the use of 'ci' and then the use of 'qui'.

  • 1
    In a comment to this question I am listing other questions about ci. I am not saying this is a duplicate. Would you like to have a look at those questions and see whether any of them answers your question? – DaG Oct 9 '19 at 12:43
  • 3
    On a related but distinct note: sooner or later, someone should write (or transcribe from some text) the ultimate answer about ci, and make it the Über-FAQ. – DaG Oct 9 '19 at 12:44
  • @DaG great idea. – Easymode44 Oct 10 '19 at 12:25
2

In this sentence, "ci" has the meaning of "in questo luogo" or "qui". It is used in a pleonastic way because the sentence in your question contains a "dislocazione a destra", a construction typical of oral speech which is explained in detail in this answer.

Your sentence has indeed a similar structure to this example

Non ci sono andato, a Venezia

given in the book Grammatica dell'italiano adulto by Vittorio Coletti: there is a place complement ("a Venezia" in Coletti's example, "qui" in your sentence) that goes after a complete clause and which is anticipated in this clause by particle "ci". Another example with the same phenomenon is explained in the answers to this question.

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.